I have one trigger on Opportunity which will copy the value of some Account field into opportunity field. All I'm doing in before trigger because I also have validation rule on opportunity which will fire on opportunity.

But in before trigger my values are not getting updated. here is my code:

for(Opportunity op : Trigger.New){

    op.Checkbox1 = op.Account.Wal_Checkbox1;
    op.Checkbox2 = op.Account.Wal_Checkbox2;
    op.Checkbox3 = op.Account.Wal_Checkbox3;
    op.Checkbox4 = op.Account.Wal_Checkbox4;

  • 2
    Just use formula fields. No need for a trigger
    – Eric
    Dec 22, 2016 at 21:08
  • due to some business login I can't move them to formula Dec 22, 2016 at 21:10
  • What business logic? The value will be the same regardless if they are populated via trigger or as a formula field. Maybe the business logic is flawed or misunderstood
    – Eric
    Dec 22, 2016 at 21:45

2 Answers 2


In Trigger.New (Context variables), you can not reference relationship object fields. Ex: Opportunity.Account.Name. In Trigger Name will not be available.

  • You will need to perform separate query to get those fields from Account.

  • Use some collection like Map<Id,Account> to have Opportunity's Account Id and its Account in a map.

  • When you iterate opportunity (Trigger.New), pass the Opportunity's Account Id to get Account fields

  • Assign those fields in relevant Opportunity fields.

  • Earlier I was doing same thing but it was not working List<Id> accListId = new List<Id> for(Opportunity opp : Trigger.New){ accListId.add(opp.AccountId); } Dec 22, 2016 at 21:19
  • for(Opportunity op : [Select Id,Account.Checkbox4,Account.Checkbox3,Account.Checkbox2, Account.Checkbox1,Checkbox4,Checkbox1, Checkbox3,Checkbox2 from Opportunity where AccountId IN : accListId]){ system.debug('..33.. '+op); if(op.Account.Checkbox4 != null){ op.Checkbox4 = op.Account.Checkbox4; } } Dec 22, 2016 at 21:19
  • @salesforceDeveloper You don't need to query Opportunity, query Account based on Ids present in Opportunity AccountId. We need Account fields.
    – Ashwani
    Dec 22, 2016 at 21:21
  • more precisely, in your first sentence: In Trigger.new, you cannot reference relationship ...
    – cropredy
    Dec 23, 2016 at 2:25

It looks like you have to query your Account records, don't think you can reference Account attributes from the record returned by Trigger directly

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