I have a LWC component which takes 4 input from the user and fetches the matching records based on the conditions in the query. In the below apex method to fetch records, the parameter 'c' which is a string is to be treated as a wild search. This method and query works fine in the wild character search but just one scenario.

If the input in 'c' parameter, for example is '%%%%'(or any other alpha numeric combination consisting '%') then it returns all the records matching the criteria. What I want is the '%' which comes from input to be treated as a string and not another wild search character in the query.

    public static List<ABC> search(String a, String b, String c, String d){
        String query1 = 'Select Id, Name from ABC where ';

        query1 += ' QWE = \''+a+'\' ';

        query1 += ' and RTY = \''+b+'\' ';

        query1 += ' and Name like \''+c+'%\' ';  //**********clause********

        query1+= ' and XYZ = \''+d+'\' ';
        query1+= ' ORDER BY Name ASC';
        List<ABC> tagsList = Database.query(query1);
        return tagsList;


Should this be handled in the LWC somehow or there's a way to handle in apex as well? Minimum of 4 characters will always be there in the string 'c' and removing '%' from the input doesn't sound like a good idea. Please suggest.

1 Answer 1


As per the documentation, you simply need to ensure that the value gets escaped.

Nowever, even though you are building the query dynamically I still recommend you use bindings.

For example:

String escapedC = String.isNotBlank(c) ? c.replace('%', '\\%') : null;

if (escapedC != null) {
  query1 += ' AND Name LIKE :escapedC';
  • Thanks! this works well. Jun 25, 2021 at 9:39

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