Experience with the platform tells me the answer is "no".
But I notice that Documentation says that a "group" can "own" a record.
Salesforce stores access grants in three types of tables.
Object Record Tables Tables that store the records of a specific object, and indicate which user, group, or queue owns each record.
OK. So based on my understanding of this table, "own" means the "OwnerID" column in the appropriate sObject Record Table would contain the ID of the owning entity. A User or a Queue can own a record in this way. But a "group"? What is meant by this? Public Groups cannot "own" a record in this way. A Role cannot "own" a record in this way.
I am left wondering... what is meant by "own" and "group" in the Documentation referenced above?