Using a Before trigger/ Workflow has not helped me fill in or provide a default value to a standard field(NAME) while saving a new record.

I was asked to build a Visual force page and then override the 'NEW' button to add a default value to the token field, type Name, which will then allow to save a record.

Visual force page code used to override 'NEW':

<apex:page standardController="Certification__c"
action="{!URLFOR($Action.Certification__c.New, NULL, ['Name'='DoNotEdit'], true)}"/>

My 'NEW' button before overriding: before

My 'NEW' button after overriding. after

My Contact look-up field value tends to disappear after i override the new button page. Token is the standard field, type Name. My 'Cancel' button is also not working after the override.

How can i bring everything from the default page, but only add a default value to the token(Name) field.

UPDATE - explained further

 Field Label = Token, Field Type = Name, Data Type = Text(80), Indexed, required (cannot be empty)

Name field is required in order to save the record, hence a before trigger won't work here. Name type fields don't take default values and is always a required/mandatory field. So the field Token is a 'text' field which goes like contact.Name, account.Name etc..(goes by .Name) This type of field requires a value upon saving. you cannot also provide a default value. I tried using a workflow, or a before trigger. But these work only after the record is saved but not just before it is saved. I want my user to not input this token every time they create a new record, but pull the value from it's parent object field.

SOLVED: As Brian suggests below, I created a new button. You can use this link URL Hacks My final button URL looks as follows (note always have the retURL or return url) :

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    I believe you need to explore all the URLFOR parameters and options. You should be able to set the Contact ID as a parameter in the URLFOR, as well as a return URL when you press the cancel button. Apr 3 '19 at 6:06
  • Is it possible to clone the existing standard page, and then do the edit's in it Apr 3 '19 at 6:25
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    I think you can if you use the Web Link option and do some URL hacks there (see here for a sample or just google "button url hacks salesforce"). I'm still not clear on the question - what's the main objective? A trigger might still be useful depending on the end result you're looking for Apr 3 '19 at 6:37
  • BTW, if you're moving to Lightning, or using Chatter Actions is an option, here is a great post for prepopulating values Apr 3 '19 at 6:40
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    I have explained further, please check my update. hope it helps Apr 3 '19 at 6:48

If you're trying to prepopulate fields on the UI when the user tries to insert a new record:

  1. In Classic - try using the Web Link option in the new button override option and do some URL hacks as explained here
  2. In Lightning (or Classic using Chatter Actions) - you can use Actions to prepopulate fields and that can be your main entry into inserting a new record. There's a great post on that here

If you're just trying to set the SObject.Name field, this can be achieved through a before trigger.

Here's a sample if you wanted to set the Opportunity Name to "{Account Name} - {Amount}" anytime the Opportunity was created or updated (i.e. it'll always overwrite the user's attempt to change the name):

trigger MyOppTrigger on Opportunity(before insert, before update) {
    for (Opportunity opp : Trigger.new)
        opp.Name = opp.Account.Name + ' - ' + opp.Amount;

Note that if you're trying to pull some other value from the Account lookup field, you'll need to do a separate query to grab that other field, or use a formula field to pull that lookup field's value to the opportunity. Then the opp.Name code would look like this:

opp.Name = opp.Cust_Field_on_Account__c + ' - ' + opp.Amount;

At this point, might as well just add the whole logic into the formula field and just do opp.Name = opp.Opp_Auto_Name_Formula_Field__c

  • .Name field is required in order to save the record, hence a before trigger won't work here. Name type fields don't take default values and is always a required/mandatory field. I have mentioned this issue in my previous Update, please have a look Apr 3 '19 at 8:01
  • Error: Invalid Data. Review all error messages below to correct your data. Token Error: You must enter a value Apr 3 '19 at 8:02
  • A before trigger actually runs before the record hits the database - hence setting the Name to a real string value should work. As for Invalid Data error - that error sounds like you're not assigning a value to Name - meaning whatever you're assigning to it might be empty or null. Apr 3 '19 at 8:37
  • I'm trying to assign a value to this field through the trigger. But when clicking NEW and then SAVE, this required field is left blank. Meaning I want it to retrieve a value from another place and set it to this field before saving the record. Meaning this field is left blank. I can't assign a default value nor set it as 'Not-required' Apr 3 '19 at 8:43
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    Looks good, thanks a lot your ideas worked. Apr 3 '19 at 18:14

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