While understanding code snippets provided by Salesforce. There are a few things which were confusing. Like what is @api, @wire.

I googled for them, came to know they are called decorators. Responsible for 'import' things. Means wiring up the functionality with current logic.

I am actually finding what is the use of @api, @wire ...etc. Is it defined somewhere that where to use which decorators?

1 Answer 1


Decorators are nothing but annotations just like the one you use in your apex class like @auraenabled which adds functionality to the regular apex method to be able to be called from a lightning component, but decorators here are annotations in the context of javascript allowing them to provide functionality for properties or functions!

There are 3 decorators specific to lightning web components:

@api : To expose a public property(Think of properties as your aura attributes), decorate it with @api. Public properties define the API for a component. An owner component that uses the component in its markup can access the component’s public properties. Public properties are reactive. If the value of a reactive property changes, the component’s template rerenders any content that references the property.To expose a public method, decorate it with @api. Public methods are part of a component’s API. You can use a JavaScript method to communicate down the containment hierarchy. For example, an owner calls a method on a child component that it contains.

@track : To track a private property’s value and rerender a component when it changes, decorate the property with @track. Tracked properties are also called private reactive properties.

@wire : To read Salesforce data, Lightning web components use a reactive wire service. When the wire service provisions data, the component rerenders. Components use @wire in their JavaScript class to specify a wire adaptor or an Apex method.

There is lot more documentation you can read about decorators and how to use them in the developer guide available in the component library.

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