I'm trying to display history of action performed on custom object 'Reservation' in VisualForce page in table using apex:pageBlockTable.

I have following method in controller:

public List<Reservation__History> getReservationHistory()
    Reservation__c rsv= (Reservation__c)currentcontroller.getRecord();
    List<Reservation__History> history = [SELECT ParentId, OldValue, NewValue, Field, CreatedById, CreatedDate FROM Reservation__History WHERE parentId = : rsv.Id ORDER BY CreatedDate DESC];
    return history;

And I'm calling this method in apex:pageBlockTable as follows:

<apex:pageBlockTable value="{!ReservationHistory}" var="history">
   <apex:column headerValue="Date" value="{!history.CreatedDate}"/>
   <apex:column headerValue="User" value="{!history.CreatedById}"/>               
   <apex:column headerValue="Action" value="!IF(history.OldValue='' AND history.NewValue='', 'Created', Changed '{!history.Field}' from '{!history.OldValue}' to '{!history.NewValue}')"/>               

For "Action" column, if condition I tried above is not working. I want to display Action as 'Created' if both OldValue and NewValue are '' else display a sentence "Changed '{!history.Field}' from '{!history.OldValue}' to '{!history.NewValue}'".

Can anybody please let me know how to conditionally vary content in 'value' of apex:column for above scenario?


3 Answers 3


To use IF condition and to join conditions in Visualforce page, you should use one of the following approaches:

{!IF(AND(field1 <condition> value, field2 <condition> value), "Show on True", "Show on False")}


{!IF(field1 <condition> value && field2 <condition> value, "Show on True", "Show on False")}

So in your case, to be able to get the first value to be true, your code should look like something as below (I prefer == for comparison to make it clear and not confuse with assignment)

{!IF(history.OldValue == '' && history.NewValue == '', "Created", "Changed history.Field from history.OldValue to history.NewValue}")}"

Notice few things here:

  1. You should enclose the condition within {}, which seems to be missing in your code posted
  2. You use ! with the IF and not with the field names in this case (as mentioned above)

Make necessary adjustments in case of other issues, but this should be your direction. You can refer for more details on how to construct expressions in VF page on its documentation here.


You need to use proper formula syntax.

That means the entire expression should be inside {!...}. You need proper parentheses, and the AND function expects parameters as AND(..., ...). This also means you're going to need string concatenation (&).

That means your formula is going to look something more like:

     'Changed ' & history.Field & ' from ' & history.OldValue & ' to ' & history.NewValue)}"/>

I have not tested this, but it should get you started.


@sfdcfox Thanks for your answer. After slightly changing the apex:column, "IF condition" is working. For appending object's field with constants or any word, use of apex:param helped a lot. Following code worked for me, I used apex:outputText inside apex:column instead of directly specifying value in apex:column as apex:outputText allows apex:param.

<apex:column headerValue="Action">
   <apex:outputText value="{!IF(history.OldValue=='' && history.NewValue=='','Created','Changed {0} from {1} to {2}')}">
       <apex:param value = "{!history.Field}"/>
       <apex:param value = "{!history.OldValue}"/>
       <apex:param value = "{!history.NewValue}"/>

Documentation here on apex:outputText is really useful to use param in outputText.

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