I have a class wherein I am inserting two different records at the same time. These records are for a custom setting object named Setting__c and a custom object named Item__c. This works well and behaves accordingly.

Meanwhile, I created a test class for this but I am encountering this error:

System.DmlException: Insert failed. First exception on row 0; first error: MIXED_DML_OPERATION, DML operation on setup object is not permitted after you have updated a non-setup object (or vice versa): Item__c, original object: UserRole: []

I needed to cover the line for pertaining to the user role object. How can I resolve this?

Apex Class:

public class SettingClass {

    private ApexPages.StandardController con;
    public Setting__c settingRec {get;set;}
    public List<SettingWrapper> swraplist {get;set;} 
    public Integer rowToRemove {get;set;}
    public String selectedRole {get;set;}
    public String selectedStat {get;set;}

    public SettingClass(ApexPages.StandardController controller) {
        con = controller;
        this.settingRec = (Setting__c)controller.getRecord();
        swraplist = new List<SettingWrapper>();

    public void addNewRow() {
        List<SettingWrapper> temp_wrap = new List<SettingWrapper>();
        SettingWrapper newSetting = new SettingWrapper();

        Item__c newItemRecord = new Item__c();      
        newSetting.set1 = newItemRecord;
        newSetting.index = temp_wrap.size();
        for(SettingWrapper sw : temp_wrap) {

    public void removeRow() {
        List<SettingWrapper> rem_wrap = new List<SettingWrapper>();
        for(SettingWrapper sw : swraplist) {
        for(SettingWrapper sw2 : rem_wrap) {

    public List<SelectOption> getUserRoleList() {
        List<UserRole> urList = [SELECT Id, Name FROM UserRole];
        List<SelectOption> urOptionList = new List<SelectOption>();
        urOptionList.add(new SelectOption(' ',' '));

        for(UserRole ur : urList) {
            urOptionList.add(new SelectOption(ur.Id, ur.Name));    

        return urOptionList;

    public List<SelectOption> getStatList() {
        List<SelectOption> statOptionList = new List<SelectOption>();
        Schema.DescribeFieldResult statResults = Account.Status__c.getDescribe();

        List<Schema.PicklistEntry> ple = statResults.getPicklistValues();

        for(Schema.PicklistEntry f : ple) {
            statOptionList.add(new SelectOption(f.getLabel(), f.getValue()));    

        return statOptionList;

    public PageReference save() {

        List<SettingWrapper> swList = new List<SettingWrapper>();
        List<Item__c> newItemList = new List<Item__c>();

        for(SettingWrapper sw : swraplist) {

        UserRole ur = [SELECT Id, Name FROM UserRole WHERE Id =: selectedRole];  

        Setting__c newSetting = new Setting__c();

        newSetting.Name = settingRec.Name;
        newSetting.Status__c = selectedStat;
        newSetting.Role_ID__c = selectedRole;
        newSetting.Role_Name__c = ur.Name;

        insert newSetting;

        if(swList !=null && !swList.isEmpty()) {

            for(SettingWrapper sRec : swList) {

                Item__c iTemp = new Item__c();
                iTemp.Lookup__c = iTemp.set1.Lookup__c; 
                iTemp.Setting__c = newSetting.Id; 

        if(!newItemList.isEmpty()) {
                insert newItemList;

        PageReference pageref = new PageReference('/' + newSetting.Id);
        return pageref;

    public class SettingWrapper {

        public Integer index {get;set;}
        public Setting__c set1 {get;set;}



Test Class:

public class SettingClassTest {
    private static testMethod void InsertSettingRecord() {

        List<Setting__c> settingList = new List<Setting__c>();
        List<SettingClass.SettingWrapper> settingWrapper = new List<SettingClass.SettingWrapper>();
        Integer rowToRemove = 0;
        String selectedRole;

        SettingClass sc = new SettingClass(new ApexPages.StandardController(new Setting__c()));


        UserRole urole;
        System.runAs(new User(Id=UserInfo.getUserId()) {
          urole = new UserRole();
          urole.Name = 'New Role';
          insert urole;

        selectedRole = urole.Id;

        List<Lookup__c> lookupList = new List<Lookup__c>();
        Lookup__c lk = new Lookup__c();
        lk.Name = 'Lookup 1';

        insert lookupList;
        System.assertequals(lookupList + '', 'lookupList');


        Setting__c s = new Setting__c();
        s.Name = '1';
        s.Status__c = 'Status 1';
        s.Role_ID__c = selectedRole; 
        s.Role_Name__c = urole.Name;

        insert settingList;   
        System.assertequals(settingList + '', 'settingList');

        PageReference pg = Page.SettingPage;
        ApexPages.StandardController pgCon = new ApexPages.StandardController(ad); 
        SettingClass sClass = new SettingClass(pgCon);

        sClass.rowToRemove = 1;

        SettingClass.SettingWrapper setWrap = new SettingClass.SettingWrapper();

        for(Integer i=0; i<200; i++) {
            Item__c newItem = new Item__c();
            newItem.Lookup__c = lk.Id;
            newItem.Setting__c = s.Id;    
            setWrap.set1 = newItem;
            setWrap.index = 0;

        PageReference pg1 = Page.SettingPage;
        ApexPages.StandardController pgCon1 = new ApexPages.StandardController(ad);
        SettingClass sClass2 = new SettingClass(pgCon1);

        for(SettingClass.SettingWrapper setWrap2 : settingWrapper) {




1 Answer 1


You can't mix UserRole and other Setup objects with things like CustomObject__c and other non-Setup objects. The way to get around this is mentioned in the documentation; use System.runAs around the Setup objects to avoid the mixed DML error.

For example, the role should be inserted like this:

UserRole urole;
System.runAs(new User(Id=UserInfo.getUserId()) {
    urole = new UserRole();
    urole.Name = 'New Role';
    insert urole;

Be careful, though, as System.runAs uses up a DML operation and DML row each time you call it, so avoid using it more than necessary.

  • Thank you very much for this. Upon saving, error's gone. However, there's this new error System.QueryException: List has no rows for assignment to SObject displaying pertaining to this line sClass2.save(); on the test class and to this line UserRole ur = [SELECT Id, Name FROM UserRole WHERE Id =: selectedRole]; on the controller. Could you also take a look on this?
    – curdual
    Mar 16, 2018 at 7:59
  • @curdual You hard-coded the ID in Role_Id__c. Change that line so it uses the urRole variable instead.
    – sfdcfox
    Mar 16, 2018 at 14:37
  • I changed the line and used the urole variabe. But unfortunately, System.QueryException: List has no rows for assignment to SObjecterror still pertains to this line in handler class UserRole ur = [SELECT Id, Name FROM UserRole WHERE Id =: selectedRole]; and also to this line in test class uadc2.save();
    – curdual
    Mar 19, 2018 at 2:41
  • @curdual You also did not set the selectedRole variable to the role that you created in your test class. sClass2.selectedRole = uRole.Id; sClass2.save();
    – sfdcfox
    Mar 19, 2018 at 2:43
  • I've modified my code and already set the selectedRole variable, but error still exists. Kindly see modified post.
    – curdual
    Mar 19, 2018 at 3:44

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