Yes. You are looking for a
Left Outer Join, where the type of query you first reference is a
Right Outer Join. Your query might look like:
SELECT (SELECT Id FROM Awards__r) FROM Person__c
You can control the value of this
Child Relationship Name in the configuration on the lookup field. Custom lookups append
__r to the relationship name. When configuring the lookup definition, this option will be on
Step 3 of the configuration wizard.
You can also change it later by editing the field.
You can verify the child relationship to use programmatically (where I guessed it might be
Awards__r) using this snippet in
for (ChildRelationship relation : SObjectType.Person__c.getChildRelationships())
if (relation.getChildSObject() == Award__c.sObjectType)
system.debug(relation.getRelationshipName()); // use this output verbatim
Note that while you can treat this sub-query like a field, it contains a
List<Award__c> in this instance.
Person somePerson = [SELECT (SELECT Id FROM Awards__r) FROM Person__c LIMIT 1];
List<Award__c> awards = somePerson.Awards__r;
// you can also get it dynamically
awards = somePerson.getSObjects('Awards__r');