21

Is there simple to use logic that equals "if a field exists, then...":

if( **fieldname__c exists** ) then { ... }

..? I really don't want to have to worry about a ton of class or other logic. I'm hopeful someone has a clue what to replace the if clause with, because I have no idea.

This is to come up with a much more simplistic fix for a problem I've been trying to resolve via two other questions. :-/

1: After Delete - Need To "Cleanup" When An Opp Is Deleted

2: Apex TRY ... CATCH ... FINALLY Syntax

Having this would give me the solution I need (but more specifically that I want without having a ton of code or yet another Trigger).

Added Note: My fallback IS GOING to be the TRY-CATCH logic. I'm just hopeful there is something more elegant / appropriate.

1
  • 2
    E.J. Wilburn covered this amazingly well in an answer to a similar question: salesforce.stackexchange.com/a/1056/60 In short, describes are conceptually cleaner but notably worse in real-world situations. Try/catch with dynamic apex is "ugly" but efficient. Commented Apr 17, 2013 at 22:06

2 Answers 2

36

Use the Describe methods. In the example below, replace My_Object__c with the name of the pertinent sObject.

Set<String> objectFields = Schema.SObjectType.My_Object__c.fields.getMap().keySet();
if(objectFields.contains(fieldName)) {
  //do stuff
}

Note, don't repeatedly call Schema.SObjectType.My_Object__c.fields.getMap() as there are governor limits around describe calls. Call it once and save the list.

3
  • Thanks for the insight (and to @ca_peterson for the link as well). When I get back to working on this, I am going to implement what I've learned here, and already have ideas on keeping the code relatively small based on how the fields are named. Thanks again!
    – AMM
    Commented Apr 18, 2013 at 15:37
  • 5
    Limits for all Apex describe calls have been removed in Summer '14 Commented Aug 17, 2016 at 16:06
  • 8
    Please note here that objectFields will contain all fields in lowercase. So in contains() method, you need to do fieldName.toLowerCase()
    – Sarang
    Commented Nov 1, 2018 at 9:12
1

Here is a Utility method you can use for checking any Object for any fields

public static Set<String> Util_checkFldsExist(Sobject sobj, Set<String> fldsToChk){
    Set<String> fldsThatExst = new Set<String>();
    Set<String> allObjFlds = sobj.getSObjectType().getDescribe().fields.getMap().keySet();
    for(String currFldName : fldsToChk){
        if(allObjFlds.contains(currFldName.toLowerCase())){
            fldsThatExst.add(currFldName);
        }
    }
    return fldsThatExst; //returns field names in lowercase
}

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