I'm trying to implement the trigger framework outlined here:

The triggerhandler methods take lists or maps of sObjects as their inputs. In his example he casts list <sObject> as list <Account> by doing:

public void BeforeInsert(List<SObject> newItems) 
        for (Account acc : (List<Account>)newItems)

What is the equivalent for:

public void AfterInsert(Map<Id, SObject> newItems) {
for (opporutnity opp: (........).values()

3 Answers 3


The .values() method will return a list of sObjects, which means that you can simply follow the same scenario and cast the list to a concrete sObject type:

for (Opportunity opp : (List <Opportunity>)newItems.values())

As long as all the values are of type "Opportunity" and you know that for sure.

The alternative way is to work with generic sObjects the whole time:

for (sObject opp : newItems.values())

Read more about dynamic apex

  • 4
    Actually, you can cast it only if the actual object contains a Map<Id, Opportunity>; if it's any other type, expect a runtime exception instead. You can't explicitly assign a Map<Id, SObject> to a Map<Id, Opportunity>, even if it's empty or only contains opportunities.
    – sfdcfox
    Commented Jan 14, 2016 at 0:22
  • @sfdcfox should I put the assignment in a try/catch block? Commented Jan 14, 2016 at 4:42
  • @krewllobster No, just make sure you're using the right type to begin with. Normally you'll know what object you're working on. That is one of the drawbacks of accepting a generic SObject list instead of a specific subtype. Just make sure that if you're in an opportunity trigger, you don't try to cast to a list of accounts or something, and you'll be fine.
    – sfdcfox
    Commented Jan 14, 2016 at 4:47
  • @sfdcfox I'm working on an 'after update' trigger and need to compare old and new values. I'm now feeling like I need to cast the opportunity lists, then rebuild two opportunity maps? Then I can say: for(opportunity o: newopps.values) {if(o.value != oldvalues.get(o.id).value) {logic}} Commented Jan 14, 2016 at 18:18
  • @krewllobster I have found that maps are relatively expensive compared to list access, so I'd recommend using Trigger.new/Trigger.old, and iterating over the values like this: for(Integer index = 0, size = Trigger.new.size(); index < size; index++) { Opportunity o = Trigger.old[index], n = Trigger.new[index]; if(n.value != o.value) { ... } }.
    – sfdcfox
    Commented Jan 14, 2016 at 18:50

I know this is old, but still pulls up as the result via a google search. So I'm going to post something I have had luck with.

If you know what sObject you are converting into, I've had success doing this:

objList //we'll say this is a Map<Id, sObject> where the sObject is an Opportunity
 List<Opportunity> oppList = objList.values();

Or looping:

   for(Opportunity o : objList.values())

It's a little different than the previous answer given, so I hope someone finds it useful.

Edit: Apologies, realized this is for Map to Map. However I'll leave this because in some situations converting to a list from a Map will be beneficial as it should have already removed dups from being in a map, and then you can iterate through the list or perform DML on it.


You can iterate over a hash map using:

public void AfterInsert(Map<Id, SObject> newItems) {
    for (Id key: newItems.keySet())
        Opportunity opp = (Opportunity)newItems.get(key);
        //do something with your opp

So basically what you are doing here is:

  • using the keySet() method on the Map to get an iterator (so you're looping on the keys)
  • Then using that key, you get that particular SObject from your map (using the get() method)
  • Then you are type casting from SObject directly to an Opportunity class

There's an example here: Iterating over a map (Apex)

  • 6
    I would specifically avoid doing this: using a map when a list would suffice would waste about 25ms per item in the list. That's a pretty stiff penalty.
    – sfdcfox
    Commented Jan 14, 2016 at 0:24
  • Crikey. That's a heap. Poor heap. Commented Oct 2, 2017 at 1:02

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