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On the Contact object I have a custom formula field call Prioirity__c that is defined as:

IF(ISPICKVAL(Account.Rating, 'Very Hot'), 'High', '') 

I also have a trigger defined for the contact object as follows:

trigger testFormula on Contact (before update) {
    for( Contact c : ) {
        if( c.Priority__c == 'High' ) {
            // do something

My question is will this trigger "do something" with Contact records where the Account.Rating == 'Very Hot' or do I have to run a SOQL query to get the value of Account.Rating for the Contact records being processed by the Trigger?


After testing it does appear Apex Triggers have access to formula fields. Does anyone know of where this might be documented? I would like to verify this is indeed as intended and not something that could change in the future.

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up vote 11 down vote accepted

This will work without having to query the Account object. Formula field values are calculated when read so you'll have the most up to date value available in the trigger.

On a side note, you probably want to change your if statement to have == not =.

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Thanks for the note about using == instead of = in the if statement. I have updated my question. – sfelf Feb 6 '13 at 2:12
Any idea if Apex triggers having access to formula feeds are documented some where? I asked this question here because my tests proved this was true but I had been told in the past that they don't have access to formula fields values. – sfelf Feb 6 '13 at 2:14

There is a small catch to this formula fields thing. They are evaluated asynchronously, when you read a record(they seem to be evaluated in real time, but actually not). This might cause some side effects in triggers. I never noticed any lags, but it's possible. Check if in your trigger you are getting the previous formula field value.

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Yes Trigger have access to formula field, i use it a lot.

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Welcome to SFSE Yann. Your answer might be correct, but it's not helpful. Although the question looks like a yes/no question, we expect the answers to give details and examples, and to have a benefit for other future questions. If you can elaborate on your answer more, give details, references etc. it will be get more positive attention. – Saariko Sep 3 '13 at 11:01

Before triggers will not have the formula field value available.

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